Porous organic polymers as metal free heterogeneous organocatalysts

M. Debruyne, V. Van Speybroeck, P. Van der Voort, C. Stevens
Green Chemistry
Volume 23, Issue 19, Page 7361-7434


Efficient catalysis is essential from a green chemistry perspective. Porous organic polymers (POPs) have recently emerged as highly effective materials for catalytic applications. POPs possess controllable compositions and functionalities, high surface areas and can be very stable. In this review we focus on the application of POPs as metal free heterogeneous organocatalysts, a booming field in green chemistry. Acid, base, combined acid-base and hydrogen bonding catalysis are addressed. In addition, chiral catalysis and CO2 utilization with POPs are discussed. The aim is to provide a comprehensive overview of the field, exploring all different types of POPs as metal free catalysts. Special attention is given to the synthesis conditions to provide the reader with more insight into the construction of these types of materials.