Nonbonded Force Field Parameters from Minimal Basis Iterative Stockholder Partitioning of the Molecular Electron Density Improve CB7 Host-Guest Affinity Predictions

D. Gonzalez, L. Macaya, C. Castillo-Orellana, T. Verstraelen, S. Vogt-Geisse, E. Vohringer-Martinez
Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling (JCIM)
Volume 62, Issue 17, Page 4162-4174


Binding affinity prediction by means of computer simulation has been increasingly incorporated in drug discovery projects. Its wide application, however, is limited by the prediction accuracy of the free energy calculations. The main error sources are force fields used to describe molecular interactions and incomplete sampling of the configurational space. Organic host-guest systems have been used to address force field quality because they share similar interactions found in ligands and receptors, and their rigidity facilitates configurational sampling. Here, we test the binding free energy prediction accuracy for 14 guests with an aromatic or adamantane core and the CB7 host using molecular electron density derived nonbonded force field parameters. We developed a computational workflow written in Python to derive atomic charges and Lennard-Jones parameters with the Minimal Basis Iterative Stockholder method using the polarized electron density of several configurations of each guest in the bound and unbound states. The resulting nonbonded force field parameters improve binding affinity prediction, especially for guests with an adamantane core in which repulsive exchange and dispersion interactions to the host dominate.