The therapy to reduce urinary oxalate excretion in primary hyperoxaluria type 1 is still required.
A 37-year-old hemodialyzed man suffered from systemic oxalosis secondary to primary hyperoxaluria type 1 exhibited a drastic plasma oxalate decrease from 110 to 22 µmol/L two months after adjunction of lanthanum carbonate to classical treatment (intensive hemodialysis with pyridoxine). A 34-year-old woman with normal kidney function presented 10 years of bilateral kidney stones due to primary hyperoxaluria type 1 [hyperoxaluria (109.2 mg/24 h), plasma oxalate (56.0 µmol/L)]. The oxalate level remained uncontrolled despite of low oxalate-normal calcium diet, pyridoxine and increased water intake though the lanthanum carbonate adjunction resulted in significant decrease in plasma oxalate and oxaluria.
We report the lanthanum efficacy in reducing circulating and urinary oxalate levels in type 1 primary hyperoxaluria. Possible mechanism of observed falls in oxalate concentration would be a decrease in the intestinal absorption of oxalate.