R.A. van Santen

Reactivity of CO on carbon covered cobalt surfaces in Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis

L. Joos, I. Filot, S. Cottenier, E. Hensen, M. Waroquier, V. Van Speybroeck, R.A. van Santen
Journal of Physical Chemistry C
118 (10), 5317–5327


Fischer–Tropsch synthesis is an attractive process to convert alternative carbon sources, such as biomass, natural gas, or coal, to fuels and chemicals. Deactivation of the catalyst is obviously undesirable, and for a commercial plant it is of high importance to keep the catalyst active as long as possible during operating conditions. In this study, the reactivity of CO on carbon-covered cobalt surfaces has been investigated by means of density functional theory (DFT). An attempt is made to provide insight into the role of carbon deposition on the deactivation of two cobalt surfaces: the closed-packed Co(0001) surface and the corrugated Co(112̅1) surface. We also analyzed the adsorption and diffusion of carbon atoms on both surfaces and compared the mobility. Finally, the results for Co(0001) and Co(112̅1) are compared, and the influence of the surface topology is assessed.

Molecular dynamics study of the silica–water–SDA interactions

B.M. Szyja, A.P.J. Jansen, T. Verstraelen, R.A. van Santen
Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics (PCCP)
11 (35), 7605-7610


In this paper we have applied the molecular dynamics simulations in order to analyse the role of the structure directing tetrapropylammonium ions in the aggregation process that leads to silicalite formation. We address the specific question of how the interactions between silica precursor species and tetrapropylammonium ions/water evolve during the formation of the larger aggregates, that show initial micropore formation from more elementary building blocks. We have followed the dynamics and changes in the position of the tetrapropylammonium ions into the formation of TPA-Si22 complexes. Moreover, the analysis based on the geometries of the systems being studied as well as the radial distribution function allowed us to predict the location of the TPA cations in fully formed nanoslabs. An interesting result is reported that the template cannot be accommodated any more in the newly formed cavities, but is pushed out of the channel like cavities to positions where in a later stage channel cross sections can be formed.

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