Process-property-microstructure assessment of novel High-Entropy Alloys
Process-property-microstructure assessment of novel High-Entropy AlloysPromotor(en): S. Cottenier, S. Claessens /17MAT05 / Computational material research on the nanoscale
High-Entropy Alloys (HEAs) are defined as alloys composed of multiple principal elements, commonly more than five, at near equatomic composition, which tend to form simple crystalline structures such as bcc or fcc. They are the subject of intense recent international research. Because of their high formability and strength, combined with low density and acclaimed high temperature stability, HEAs are expected to replace superalloys in energy sectors and aero-space applications. In terms of fracture toughness, data exist that they outperform conventional metal alloys. Recently it was also reported that magnetic properties of high entropy alloys are promising.
To understand the fundamentals of HEAs is a challenge to the scientists in materials science and related fields because of lack of thermodynamic and kinetic data for multi-component systems in the center of phase diagrams. The phase diagrams are usually available only for the binary and ternary alloys. For HEAs, no complete phase diagrams are currently available to directly assist designing the alloy with desirable micro- and nanostructures
Some typical examples of Fe-containing HEAs are given in the Table below. The goal of this work is to explore the FeCrNiCoTi system or the more recent FeMnCoNiCr system (for which data are available in the public domain) in terms of quantum simulations, thermodynamics, processability, microstructural evolution and properties. The work can consist of lab processing (casting, thermal treatments), characterization (SEM, XRD, hardness, DSC, high temperature behaviour), of quantum simulations for fcc and bcc lattices decorated with the five considered elements, thermodynamic calculations, all with the final goal to reveal the first correlations between all these aspects.
Context for Engineering Physics students
Physics aspect: use of quantum mechanical methods to model solids
Engineering aspect: improving industrial materials and experimental processing and characterization