Thermochemistry and Kinetics of Hydrogen Abstraction by Methyl Radical from Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons

K. Hemelsoet, V. Van Speybroeck, D. Moran, G.B. Marin, L. Radom, M. Waroquier
Journal of Physical Chemistry A
110 (50), 13624-13631
2006
A1

Abstract 

Thermodynamic and kinetic properties relating to hydrogen abstraction by methyl radical from various sites in polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) have been investigated. The reaction enthalpies (298 K), barriers (0 K), and activation energies and pre-exponential factors (700−1100 K), have been calculated by means of density functional theory, specifically with B3-LYP/6-311G(d,p) geometries, followed by BMK/6-311+G(3df,2p) single-point energy calculations. For uncongested sites in the PAHs, a reasonable correlation is obtained between reactivities (as characterized by the reaction barriers) and reaction enthalpies. This is reflected in a Bell−Evans−Polanyi (BEP) relationship. However, for congested sites, abstraction is accompanied both by lower reaction enthalpies (due to relief of steric strain) and also by reduced reactivities (due to significantly increased steric hindrance effects in the transition structures), so that the BEP relationship does not hold. In addition, the reaction enthalpies and kinetic parameters for the series of linear acenes indicate that abstraction is more difficult from the central rings.